- Category: University News
- Created on Wednesday, 28 January 2015 07:24
The University of Exeter has teamed up with Manchester United for a unique research project that hopes to discover the effects of exercise on the hearts of young people. Footballers from Manchester United’s Academy are having their hearts monitored by Exeter University's state-of-the-art imaging technology to see how the hearts of young people work while exercising.
The partnership plans to investigate fitness levels of three hundred young people, a hundred born with heart conditions, a hundred children and adolescents with healthy hearts and a hundred elite junior athletes from the Manchester United Academy.
The research is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and is designed to help identify the heart performance of different training groups when the heart is working harder. Usually the data produced by the echocardiograms that help doctors see how if the heart is working properly are collected from patients that are not exercising, which makes it more difficult to assess performance and discover any minor abnormalities. I is expected that by researching what happens to the heart when young people exercise the chances of finding abnormalities of will be increased.
Head of the University of Exeter‘s Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre, Professor Craig Williams, explained:
“This research will provide us with the first ever normative database for the effects of exercise on young hearts. At the moment, we still don’t understand what ‘normal’ looks like. By combining the three groups; elite athletes, normal healthy children and children with diseased hearts, we’ll be able to identify what is abnormal and what is normal.
This research will allow us to better identify how much activity and how often exercise can be taken, as at present clinicians aren’t really sure what advice for children with certain conditions should be prescribed. The findings of this research will be a significant step forward for clinicians as care providers to deliver wellbeing guides for the children with congenital heart disease, their families and carers. Additionally, the benefits of better understanding the effect of exercise on normal healthy children will help the health service identify and prescribe regimes that help ease treatment burdens for young people with sedentary lifestyles.”
A key aim of the Exeter University collaboration with Manchester United is to identify safe levels of exercise for children with congenital heart disease, as well as to clearly defining the positive health benefits of regular exercise. The data gathered in this research will also be used to improve screening for cardiac abnormalities in young athletes.
Clinical Lecturer in Paediatric Cardiology Dr Guido Pieles at the Bristol Congenital Heart Centre, said:
“This is a unique study, using the latest technology to image the heart while it’s ‘at work’ during exercise. We hope it will enable us to improve scanning protocols and applications, lead to a more precise and earlier diagnosis of heart function abnormalities and better monitoring of treatment progress in our young patients with congenital heart disease. Our research will also help evaluate the benefits of exercise for the heart in obesity and other conditions caused by increasing sedentary lifestyles and poor diet."
The first stage of the research will test a hundred young people, forty with healthy hearts, forty with heart problems and forty elite athletes from the Manchester United Academy. The three hundred cross group tests and findings will be completed by 2016.
Dr Dave Perry Academy Doctor at Manchester United, said:
“Our players at the Academy have been offered an amazing opportunity to receive a most comprehensive screening of their cardiovascular (CVS) health. The screening process offered by Toshiba Medical Services in conjunction with the Bristol Heart Institute and University of Exeter’s Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre will give a novel way of ensuring that they have no identifiable cardiac issues.”
The project, led by the Bristol Heart Institute at the University of Bristol together with partners Toshiba Medical Systems, Bristol’s Clinical Research and Imaging Centre (CRICBristol), the University of Exeter‘s Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre and Manchester United, will identify the healthy limits and the wider benefits of exercise for young elite athletes, normal healthy children and children with congenital heart defects.
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- Category: Opinion & Comment
- Created on Friday, 09 January 2015 21:47
- Written by Anthony Bounds
So what should the press be prevented from printing? According to the 19th century moral philosopher John Stuart Mill, only views that harm others should be suppressed. For Mill, the causing of offence was not enough to justify censorship - harm has to be tangible. As Mill himself puts it:
“An opinion that corn dealers are starvers of the poor, or that private property is robbery, ought to be unmolested when simply circulated in the Press, but may incur punishment when delivered to an angry mob assembled before the house of a corn dealer.”
If there were general acceptance of Mill’s argument for the freedom of speech then the 21st century Press would possess considerable freedom to publish. Offence doesn’t, according to Mill, equate to harm. For example, in a society adopting Mill’s philosophy Salmon Rushdie’s book The Satanic Verses would still have been published, even though it caused widespread offence to Muslims.
Nevertheless, if a direct causal link could be made between published material and harm to others then the reporting offensive material, under Mill’s “Harm Principle”, could be suppressed. Applying Mill’s principles in totality, then, the press is not free to publish absolutely anything.
Today freedom of information is not dependent on the whim of an absolute Monarchy, as it was in the 17th century, but is threatened by a far more subtle force concealed in the form of ideologies. For example, The State Capitalism present in the Soviet Union in the mid 20th century, or the rapacious economic liberalism of the late 20th century. Both economic systems, in their own way, suppress information. The Soviets by openly banning all publications other than the State owned “Pravda” and in the West by engaging the press, as and when required, to rally around the State.
- Category: University News
- Created on Thursday, 04 December 2014 13:14
- Written by Anthony Bounds
Oxford University scientists, using state of the art electronic tagging techniques and puzzle boxes, have found that birds that move to another environment change their behaviour to fit in and learn from their new social group.
The study, conducted over two generations, suggests that great tits imitate other birds behaviour. The Oxford University researchers say, that this ‘copycat’ behaviour appears to sustain foraging ‘traditions’ for future generation of birds.
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